1. Title 3

Addiction

What is Addiction? 

The American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) definition of substance abuse is at least one of the following four criteria.

          1.   Continued use despite social or interpersonal problems.

          2.   Repeated use resulting in failure to fulfill obligations at work, school, or home.

          3.   Repeated use resulting in physically hazardous situations.

          4.   Use resulting in legal problems.

Everyone behaves slightly differently in addiction. You only need to answer yes to one part for that question to count as a positive response indicating possible need for help from a professional counselor or healthcare provider.

 1.  Tolerance. Increased use of drugs or alcohol over time

 2.  Withdrawal. Decreased use resulting in physical or emotional withdrawal with any of the following symptoms: irritability, anxiety, shakes, sweats, nausea, or vomiting.

 3.  Difficulty controlling use. Using more for a longer time than you would like. Drinking to get drunk. Not    stopping after a few drinks or one drink leads to more drinks.

 4.  Negative consequences. Continued use even though there have been negative consequences to your mood, self-esteem, health, job, or family.

 5.  Neglecting or postponing activities. Putting off or reduced social, recreational, work, or household activities because of use.

 6.  Spending significant time or emotional energy. Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, using, concealing, planning, or recovering from use. Spending a lot of time thinking about using. Concealed use or minimized use. Thinking of schemes to avoid getting caught.

 7.  Desire to cut down. Thinking about cutting down or controlling use. Unsuccessful attempts to cut down or control use.

A “yes” answer to at least 3 of these questions, meet the medical definition of addiction. This definition is based on the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) and the World Health Organization (ICD-10) criteria.



The terms alcohol addiction, alcoholism, and alcohol dependence, drug addiction and drug dependence all mean the same thing. No one term is more serious than the other. Different terms have evolved over the years to overcome the negative stigma of addiction, and to make it easier for people to reach out and ask for help.


Helpful Links and additional help:

The Partnership for a Drug Free America:   http://www.drugfree.org/Parent/

The Partnering with Families mission is to inspire more parents and family members to connect with their kids in ways that persuade them not to use drugs. A good resource to learn how to spot drug use in your teen, and other useful information.

National Substance Abuse Index:   http://nationalsubstanceabuseindex.org/  

Provides the most up to date information and help with drug problems such as meth, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, club drugs and alcohol use and abuse. Provides help with finding drug prevention, drug and alcohol rehab, and addiction recovery.  


Teen Arrive Alive:
  http://www.teenarrivealive.com/index.htm

With GPS technology, you are able to log into your secure online Teen Arrive Alive account and locate your child’s Nextel cell phone. If the phone is in a moving vehicle you will also see its direction of travel and speed. This information can also be retrieved from any phone with your private PIN number.

Struggling Teens :  http://www.strugglingteens.com/  

​An online guide for finding treatment programs across the country.

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT): (CSAT) A division of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): (NIDA) A federal resource for information about substance abuse.

Club Drugs.org:  http://www.clubdrugs.org/

A federal site specifically for information on club drugs.